litigios inversionista-estado

Solución de Controversias Inversionista-Estado (ISDS por sus siglas en inglés) se refiere a una manera de manejar los conflictos en virtud de acuerdos internacionales de inversión mediante el cual a las empresas de una de las partes se les permite demandar el gobierno de otra parte. Esto significa que pueden presentar una queja y pedir una indemnización por daños y perjuicios. Muchos TBI y los capítulos sobre inversiones de los TLC permiten esto si las expectativas de beneficio de un inversionista se han visto afectadas negativamente por alguna acción que el gobierno anfitrión tomó, como por ejemplo el cambio de una política pública. La disputa normalmente se maneja no en un tribunal público sino a través de un panel arbitral privado. Los lugares habituales donde estas actuaciones se llevan a cabo son el Centro Internacional de Arreglo de Diferencias relativas a Inversiones (Banco Mundial), la Cámara de Comercio Internacional, la Comisión de las Naciones Unidas para el Derecho Mercantil Internacional o la Corte Internacional de Justicia.

El ISDS es un tema candente en estos momentos, ya que está siendo cuestionado fuertemente por los movimientos ciudadanos en el contexto de las negociaciones del TTIP UE-EE.UU, las conversaciones del Acuerdo Transpacífico y el acuerdo CETA entre Canadá y la UE.

| 22-mar-2007
A US company mining gold in Armenia has initiated an international arbitration of its bitter dispute with Environment Minister Vartan Ayvazian whom it accuses of corruption and other violations of the law.
Business Week | 17-mar-2007
Foreign energy investors said on Friday that they warned the Dominican Republic it had to mend its crippled power sector months before filing a US$680 million (euro510 million) lawsuit against the country for lost electricity revenue.
The New Anatolian | 17-mar-2007
Dutch investment company Saba Fakes, who claim to hold the biggest part of shares of Turkey’s second big GSM operator Telsim, is preparing to file an arbitration case at International Arbitration amounting to 19 billion dollars in reparations.
| 16-mar-2007
A siete meses de vigencia del tratado el país centroamericano enfrenta la primera demanda multimillonaria de una transnacional
| 14-mar-2007
On the morning of Tuesday, March 13, Railroad Development Corporation (RDC) filed its Notice of Intent to Submit Claims to international arbitration against the Republic of Guatemala under the Central America-Dominican Republic-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA).
Mining MX | 16-feb-2007
A foreign mining company is suing the South African government over alleged expropriation of its mineral rights in a move that has huge implications for the country’s new mining dispensation.
FPIF | 18-dic-2006
The investment rules in the Colombia and Peru trade pacts with the US deserve special scrutiny. They grant protections for private foreign investors that are virtually identical to those in NAFTA, CAFTA and myriad bilateral investment treaties signed over the past two decades. And yet these countries are being pulled on board at a time of a dramatic awakening about these rules’ potential for harm.
Legal Week | 28-oct-2006
A number of African governments have made efforts to encourage investment in the continent by entering into bilateral investment treaties and adopting arbitration legislation.
Easy Bourse | 10-oct-2006
US-based Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OXY) has dropped a compensation claim against Ecuador’s state oil company Petroecuador in a move that analysts said may strengthen the oil firm’s case against the government.
South Centre | 27-sep-2006
One of the issues that has recently started to influence the negotiations for new investment agreements involves the question of the status of IP rights and the impact of investment agreements on the rights, obligations and regulatory discretions of countries under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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