CETA

L’Accord économique et commercial global (AECG ou CETA en anglais) a été conclu en 2014 entre le Canada et l’Union européenne. Il est entré en application provisoire en septembre 2017.

Le traité touche la plupart des domaines des accords commerciaux de nouvelle génération, dont la propriété intellectuelle, les marchés publics, la coopération règlementaire, les services publics et l’élimination des droits de douane.

Il comprend aussi un chapitre sur l’investissement avec un mécanisme révisé de règlement des différends investisseur-Etat, nommé système juridictionnel des investissements. Cependant, pour beaucoup de critiques au Canada et en Europe, ce nouveau système n’est juste que de la poudre aux yeux, étant donné qu’il ne s’attaque pas au problème central de l’arbitrage investisseur-Etat qui permet à des multinationales d’attaquer un Etat devant des tribunaux arbitraux, si elles estiment que des nouvelles lois ou un changement de politique représentent un frein à leurs profits.

Photo : Council of Canadians

(mars 2020)

EurActiv | 15-aoû-2014
The leaked EU-Canada trade agreement contains a controversial chapter on investor-state disputes settlement that is substantially unchanged from previous drafts that were used as a basis for the EU’s recently held public consultation.
The Star | 4-aoû-2014
From a Canadian perspective, the Eli Lilly case has provided a powerful reminder that the risks associated with ISDS may outweigh the benefits with legal cases that can take decades to resolve.
iPolitics | 29-jui-2014
The German ministry of the economy has clarified its position on the Canada-EU trade agreement (CETA), saying it will “meticulously” examine the agreement as soon as it’s on the table, Agence France Presse reported Monday.
Reuters | 26-jui-2014
Germany is to reject a multi-billion free trade deal between the European Union and Canada which is widely seen as a template for a bigger agreement with the United States, a leading German paper reported on Saturday.
iPolitics | 23-jui-2014
The end of the Canada-EU trade agreement (CETA) technical negotiations are “in sight” and the deal should be initialed in time for a late September bilateral summit in Ottawa, EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht said Tuesday.
ETUC | 9-mai-2014
The EU-Canada trade agreement – which may be concluded on May 8 at the Foreign Affairs Council – should not be used as a ‘Trojan horse’ to smuggle in a controversial Investor-to-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) warned the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).
ETUC | 7-mai-2014
The EU-Canada trade agreement – which may be concluded on May 8 at the Foreign Affairs Council – should not be used as a ‘Trojan horse’ to smuggle in a controversial Investor-to-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) warned the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).
EurActiv | 13-fév-2014
Les multinationales pourront intenter des procès à un État membre si ce dernier promulguait de nouvelles lois sur l’environnement allant à l’encontre des « attentes légitimes » des entreprises, selon un chapitre de l’accord commercial entre l’UE et le Canada signé en novembre dernier.
EurActiv | 11-fév-2014
Multinationals will have wide-ranging powers to sue EU states that enact health or environmental laws breaching their "legitimate expectations" of profit, according to a leaked ‘investment chapter’ from the Canada-EU free trade agreement. A separate ‘nature and scope’ document for EU-US free trade talks, which EurActiv has seen, makes clear that similar parameters are foreseen for TTIP.
S2B | 21-jan-2014
Seattle to Brussels Network analysis of the European Commission’s note on “Investment Provisions in the EU-Canada free trade agreement”

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