CETA

El Acuerdo Económico y Comercial Global (o CETA por sus siglas en inglés) pactado en 2014 entre la Unión Europea y Canadá, entró en vigor provisionalmente en septiembre de 2017.

El acuerdo cubre casi todos los aspectos de los arreglos de comercio de nueva generación, incluyendo propiedad intelectual, adquisiciones públicas, cooperación regulatoria, servicios y eliminación de aranceles.

Incluye también un capítulo de inversiones con un mecanismo revisado de arbitraje de disputas entre inversionistas y Estados (ISDS), denominado sistema de arbitraje de inversiones. Sin embargo, muchas críticas de ambos lados del Atlántico expresan que este nuevo sistema constituye en gran medida una artimaña para tratar de mejorar las apariencias y que no aborda la base del problema detrás de las medidas de controversias entre el estado y el inversor que permite que las corporaciones extranjeras demanden jurídicamente a los Estados, si consideran que su potencial de ganancias o de inversión se ve afectado por nuevas leyes o cambios en políticas publicas.

Foto: Council of Canadians

(marzo de 2020)

EurActiv | 15-ago-2014
The leaked EU-Canada trade agreement contains a controversial chapter on investor-state disputes settlement that is substantially unchanged from previous drafts that were used as a basis for the EU’s recently held public consultation.
The Star | 4-ago-2014
From a Canadian perspective, the Eli Lilly case has provided a powerful reminder that the risks associated with ISDS may outweigh the benefits with legal cases that can take decades to resolve.
iPolitics | 29-jul-2014
The German ministry of the economy has clarified its position on the Canada-EU trade agreement (CETA), saying it will “meticulously” examine the agreement as soon as it’s on the table, Agence France Presse reported Monday.
Reuters | 26-jul-2014
Germany is to reject a multi-billion free trade deal between the European Union and Canada which is widely seen as a template for a bigger agreement with the United States, a leading German paper reported on Saturday.
iPolitics | 23-jul-2014
The end of the Canada-EU trade agreement (CETA) technical negotiations are “in sight” and the deal should be initialed in time for a late September bilateral summit in Ottawa, EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht said Tuesday.
ETUC | 9-may-2014
The EU-Canada trade agreement – which may be concluded on May 8 at the Foreign Affairs Council – should not be used as a ‘Trojan horse’ to smuggle in a controversial Investor-to-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) warned the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).
ETUC | 7-may-2014
The EU-Canada trade agreement – which may be concluded on May 8 at the Foreign Affairs Council – should not be used as a ‘Trojan horse’ to smuggle in a controversial Investor-to-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) warned the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).
EurActiv | 13-feb-2014
Les multinationales pourront intenter des procès à un État membre si ce dernier promulguait de nouvelles lois sur l’environnement allant à l’encontre des « attentes légitimes » des entreprises, selon un chapitre de l’accord commercial entre l’UE et le Canada signé en novembre dernier.
EurActiv | 11-feb-2014
Multinationals will have wide-ranging powers to sue EU states that enact health or environmental laws breaching their "legitimate expectations" of profit, according to a leaked ‘investment chapter’ from the Canada-EU free trade agreement. A separate ‘nature and scope’ document for EU-US free trade talks, which EurActiv has seen, makes clear that similar parameters are foreseen for TTIP.
S2B | 21-ene-2014
Seattle to Brussels Network analysis of the European Commission’s note on “Investment Provisions in the EU-Canada free trade agreement”

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